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BP P.L.C. (FRA:BP/) 1Q18 Part 1 of 1

Directive transparence : information réglementée

01/05/2018 07:00
BP PLC  -  BP.   

1Q18 Part 1 of 1

Released 07:00 01-May-2018

Top of page 1

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

London 1 May 2018

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

For a printer friendly copy of this announcement, please click on the link below to open a PDF version:

http://www.rns-pdf.londonstockexchange.com/rns/6573M_-2018-4-30.pdf

 

 

 

 

Highlights       Momentum continues into 2018 as BP delivers strong 1Q profit

·   Underlying replacement cost profit* for the first quarter of 2018 was $2.6 billion, compared with $1.5 billion for the same period in 2017, a rise of 71%.

·   Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments* in the quarter was $5.4 billion including a $1.8 billion negative impact from an increase in working capital ($1.7 billion after adjusting for inventory holding gains) driven by higher oil prices and seasonal inventory builds.

·   Upstream reported the strongest quarter since third quarter 2014 on both a replacement cost and underlying basis.

·   Reported oil and gas production was 3.7 million barrels of oil equivalent a day in the quarter, 6% higher than the first quarter of 2017. Upstream production, excluding Rosneft, was 9% higher, supported by continued ramp up of major projects*. Upstream plant reliability* was 96% for the quarter.

·   First Upstream major project of 2018, Atoll in Egypt, started production; to date in 2018, final investment decisions have been taken on four new projects - in Oman, India and two in the UK North Sea.

·   Continued Downstream earnings growth with strong refining availability in the US.

·   Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments in the quarter were $1.6 billion on a pre-tax basis, including $1.2 billion for the final payment relating to the 2012 Department of Justice settlement.

·   BP continued its share buyback programme in the quarter, buying 18 million shares for a cost of $120 million.

·   Dividend unchanged at 10 cents per share.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bob Dudley - Group chief executive:

"We have delivered another strong set of results. Our safe and reliable operations and strong financial delivery have continued into 2018. Underlying profit was up 23% on the previous quarter and was our best quarterly result in three years. With rising output from our new major projects and excellent reliability, Upstream production was 9% higher than a year earlier.

"Moving through 2018 we're determined to keep delivering our operational targets and maintaining capital discipline while growing cash flow and returns.

"Over the longer term, our new lower carbon ambitions, including clear targets for our own emissions, will help ensure that all of BP is also focused on advancing the energy transition."

 

Financial Summary

 

First

Fourth

First

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Profit for the period(a)

 

2,469

27

1,449

Inventory holding (gains) losses*, net of tax

 

(80)

(610)

(37)

RC profit (loss)*

 

2,389

(583)

1,412

Net (favourable) adverse impact of non-operating

 

 

 

 

  items* and fair value accounting effects*, net of tax

 

197

2,690

98

Underlying RC profit

 

2,586

2,107

1,510

RC profit (loss) per ordinary share (cents)*

 

11.99

(2.94)

7.23

RC profit (loss) per ADS (dollars)

 

0.72

(0.18)

0.43

Underlying RC profit per ordinary share (cents)*

 

12.98

10.64

7.74

Underlying RC profit per ADS (dollars)

 

0.78

0.64

0.46

 

(a)

Profit attributable to BP shareholders.

 

* See definitions in the Glossary on page 30. RC profit (loss), underlying RC profit, operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments and organic capital expenditure are non-GAAP measures.

 

The commentary above and following should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.

Top of page 2

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Group headlines

Results

For the first quarter, underlying replacement cost (RC) profit was $2,586 million, compared with $1,510 million in 2017, mainly due to higher profits in Upstream, partially offset by a higher tax charge. Underlying RC profit is after adjusting RC profit for a net charge for non-operating items of $247 million and net favourable fair value accounting effects of $50 million (both on a post-tax basis).

 

RC profit was $2,389 million for the first quarter, compared with $1,412 million a year ago.

 

BP's profit for the first quarter was $2,469 million, compared with $1,449 million for the same period in 2017.

 

See further information on pages 3, 26 and 27.

 

Non-operating items

Non-operating items amounted to a charge of $456 million pre-tax and $247 million post-tax for the quarter. See further information on page 26.

 

Effective tax rate

The effective tax rate (ETR) on RC profit or loss* for the first quarter was 36%, compared with 29% for the same period in 2017. Adjusting for non-operating items and fair value accounting effects, the underlying ETR* for the first quarter was 37%, compared with 33% for the same period a year ago. The underlying ETR for the first quarter was higher than a year ago mainly due to the absence of favourable foreign exchange impacts. In the current environment the underlying ETR in 2018 is expected to be above 40%. ETR on RC profit or loss and underlying ETR are non-GAAP measures.

 

Dividend

BP today announced a quarterly dividend of 10.00 cents per ordinary share ($0.600 per ADS), which is expected to be paid on 22 June 2018. The corresponding amount in sterling will be announced on 11 June 2018. See page 23 for further information.

 

Share buybacks

BP repurchased 18 million ordinary shares at a cost of $120 million, including fees and stamp duty, during the first quarter of 2018.

 

 

 

Operating cash flow*

Excluding post-tax amounts related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, operating cash flow* for the first quarter was $5.4 billion, compared with $4.4 billion for the same period in 2017. Including amounts relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, operating cash flow for the first quarter was $3.6 billion, compared with $2.1 billion for the same period in 2017.

 

Capital expenditure*

Organic capital expenditure* for the first quarter was $3.5 billion, compared with $3.5 billion for the same period in 2017. We expect organic capital expenditure to be in the range of $15-16 billion for 2018.

 

Inorganic capital expenditure* for the first quarter was $0.4 billion, compared with $0.5 billion for the same period in 2017.

 

See page 25 for further information.

 

Divestment and other proceeds

Divestment proceeds* were $0.2 billion for the first quarter, compared with $0.3 billion for the same period in 2017. We expect divestment and other proceeds to be in the range of $2-3 billion for 2018.

 

Gearing*

Net debt* at 31 March 2018 was $40.0 billion, compared with $38.6 billion a year ago. Gearing at 31 March 2018 was 28.1%, compared with 27.4% at the end of 2017 and 28.0% a year ago. Gearing was higher, following increases in working capital and higher Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments in the quarter. We continue to target gearing in the range of 20-30%. Net debt and gearing are non-GAAP measures. See page 23 for more information.

 

 

 

 

The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.

 

 

Top of page 3

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Analysis of underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*

 

 

 

 

    Upstream

 

3,157

2,223

1,370

    Downstream

 

1,826

1,474

1,742

    Rosneft

 

247

321

99

    Other businesses and corporate

 

(392)

(394)

(440)

    Consolidation adjustment - UPII*

 

(160)

(149)

(68)

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

4,678

3,475

2,703

Finance costs and net finance expense relating to

 

 

 

 

  pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(464)

(550)

(387)

Taxation on an underlying RC basis

 

(1,566)

(782)

(763)

Non-controlling interests

 

(62)

(36)

(43)

Underlying RC profit attributable to BP shareholders

 

2,586

2,107

1,510

 

Reconciliations of underlying RC profit or loss to the nearest equivalent IFRS measure are provided on page 1 for the group and on pages 6-11 for the segments.

 

Analysis of RC profit (loss) before interest and tax and reconciliation to

profit (loss) for the period

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*

 

 

 

 

  Upstream

 

3,174

1,928

1,256

  Downstream

 

1,713

1,773

1,706

  Rosneft

 

247

321

99

  Other businesses and corporate(a)

 

(571)

(2,833)

(431)

  Consolidation adjustment - UPII

 

(160)

(149)

(68)

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

4,403

1,040

2,562

Finance costs and net finance expense relating to

 

 

 

 

  pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

(584)

(674)

(513)

Taxation on a RC basis

 

(1,368)

(913)

(594)

Non-controlling interests

 

(62)

(36)

(43)

RC profit (loss) attributable to BP shareholders

 

2,389

(583)

1,412

Inventory holding gains (losses)

 

92

816

66

Taxation (charge) credit on inventory holding gains and losses

 

(12)

(206)

(29)

Profit for the period attributable to BP shareholders

 

2,469

27

1,449

 

(a)

Includes costs related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. See page 11 and also Note 2 from page 18 for further information on the accounting for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.

 

 

Top of page 4

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Strategic progress

Upstream

Upstream production, excluding Rosneft, for the quarter was 2,605mboe/d, a rise of 9.1% on a year earlier, driven by the continued ramp up of production from major projects*. Upstream plant reliability* was 96%, the best quarterly performance on record. Upstream unit production costs* were higher due to increased wellwork* activity in the quarter, but are expected to show continued year-on-year improvement driven by strong operational performance.

 

The Atoll Phase One project, offshore Egypt, began gas production in the quarter, ahead of schedule and under budget. The project is the first of six Upstream major projects* expected to begin production during 2018.

 

Since the start of the year, BP has taken final investment decisions on four new projects: Ghazeer, the second phase of the Khazzan development in Oman; KG D6 Satellites, the second project in the integrated KG D6 development offshore India; and the Alligin and Vorlich fields in the UK North Sea.

 

BP has accessed new acreage in both the US and Mexican regions of the Gulf of Mexico, in the Campos basin offshore Brazil, in Sao Tome & Principe, in Newfoundland, Canada, in Madagascar and in Azerbaijan.

 

Downstream

Strong performance in fuels marketing; premium fuels volumes were 5% higher than last year and we continued the rollout of BP's convenience partnership model across our network. The rapid development of BP's retail presence in Mexico continued with the 200th retail site now open following market entry a year ago.

 

 

In manufacturing, BP's US refineries processed higher levels of advantaged crude than a year ago and BP's PTA plant in Zhuhai, China set a new production record.

 

Advancing the energy transition

BP published a new report detailing BP's lower carbon activities and commitments and setting out targets including maintaining BP's net operational greenhouse gas emissions at or below 2015 levels out to 2025.

 

Financial framework

Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments*, was $5.4 billion, including a working capital build driven by the higher oil price and seasonal inventory builds across businesses.

 

Organic capital expenditure* was $3.5 billion in the first quarter and is expected to total $15-16 billion in 2018.

 

Divestments and other proceeds totalled $0.2 billion in the quarter. Total proceeds of $2-3 billion are expected in 2018.

 

Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments of $1.6 billion were made in the quarter, including the final charge under the 2012 Department of Justice criminal settlement. Payments are expected to be just over $3 billion in 2018, weighted to the first half of the year.

 

Gearing* at the end of the quarter was 28.1%, within BP's target band of 20-30%. With anticipated weighting of both Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments and divestment proceeds through the year, gearing is expected to trend down through the rest of the year.

 

 

Operating metrics

 

1Q 2018

(vs. 1Q 2017)

 

Financial metrics

 

1Q 2018

(vs. 1Q 2017)

Tier 1 process safety events*

 

5

(-1)

 

Underlying RC profit

 

$2.6bn

(+$1.1bn)

Reported recordable injury frequency*

 

0.21

(-8%)

 

Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments (post-tax)

 

$5.4bn

(+$1.0bn)

Group production

 

3,732mboe/d

(+5.7%)

 

Organic capital expenditure

 

$3.5bn

(-)

Upstream production (excludes Rosneft segment)

 

2,605mboe/d

(+9.1%)

 

Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments (pre-tax)(b)

 

$1.6bn

(-$0.7bn)

Upstream unit production costs

 

$7.69/boe

(+6.5%)

 

Divestment proceeds

 

$0.2bn

(-$0.1bn)

BP-operated Upstream plant reliability(a)

 

95.9%

(+1.0)

 

Net debt ratio* (gearing)

 

28.1%

(+0.1)

Refining availability*

 

94.8%

(-0.4)

 

Dividend per ordinary share(c)

 

10.00 cents

(-)

 

(a)

BP-operated Upstream operating efficiency* has been replaced with Upstream plant reliability as a group operating metric. It is more comparable with the equivalent metric disclosed for the Downstream, which is 'Refining availability'.

(b)

Amounts shown are pre-tax, 2017 amounts disclosed were post-tax. Pre-tax amounts give a better indication of the cash outflows arising in the period to settle outstanding liabilities. The equivalent amount on a post-tax basis was $1.7 billion, a reduction of $0.6 billion on the prior year.

(c)

Represents dividend announced in the quarter (vs. prior year quarter).

 

 

 

The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.

 

Top of page 5

 

 

 

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Top of page 6

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Upstream

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Profit before interest and tax

 

3,175

1,928

1,250

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

(1)

-

6

RC profit before interest and tax

 

3,174

1,928

1,256

Net (favourable) adverse impact of non-operating items* and fair value

 

 

 

 

  accounting effects*

 

(17)

295

114

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*(a)

 

3,157

2,223

1,370

 

(a)

See page 7 for a reconciliation to segment RC profit before interest and tax by region.

 

 

Financial results

The replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $3,174 million, compared with $1,256 million for the same period in 2017. The first quarter included a net non-operating charge of $104 million, compared with a net charge of $360 million for the same period in 2017. Fair value accounting effects in the first quarter had a favourable impact of $121 million, compared with a favourable impact of $246 million in the same period of 2017.

 

After adjusting for non-operating items and fair value accounting effects, the underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $3,157 million, compared with $1,370 million for the same period in 2017. The result for the first quarter mainly reflected higher liquids and gas realizations, higher production due to the ramp-up of major projects* and higher gas marketing and trading results.

 

Production

Production for the quarter was 2,605mboe/d, 9.1% higher than the first quarter of 2017. Underlying production* for the quarter increased by 13.8%, due to the ramp-up of major projects. The first-quarter reported production reflects the sixth consecutive quarter of growth as well as the highest production since the fourth quarter of 2010.

 

Key events

On 12 February, BP announced the start of gas production from the Atoll Phase One project (BP 100%), offshore Egypt. Atoll is BP's first major project to start in 2018.

 

Also on 12 February, BP confirmed that the governments of Mauritania and Senegal signed an Inter-Government Cooperation Agreement which will enable the development of the BP-operated Tortue/Ahmeyim gas project to continue to move towards a final investment decision.

 

In February, BP took final investment decisions on the two new North Sea developments, Alligin (BP operator 50%, Shell 50%) and Vorlich satellite fields (BP operator 66%, Ithaca Energy 34%).

 

In March, BP's equity interest (14.67%) in the ADNOC Offshore concession in Abu Dhabi expired.

 

On 9 April, BP announced that, together with its partner the Oman Oil Company Exploration & Production, it has approved the development of Ghazeer (BP operator 60%, Oman Oil Company Exploration & Production 40%), the second phase of the Khazzan gas field in Oman. 

 

On 12 April, BP and state-owned Brazilian oil company Petrobras announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding to form a strategic alliance to jointly explore potential business opportunities both in Brazil and beyond.

 

On 19 April, BP together with its partner Reliance Industries Limited, announced the sanction of the Satellite Cluster project, the second phase in the development of new deepwater gas fields in Block KG D6 (Reliance Industries Limited operator 60%, BP 30%, and NIKO 10%) off the east coast of India.

 

On 26 April, BP and the State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) signed a new production-sharing agreement* for the joint exploration and development of Block D230 in the North Absheron basin in the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea. The agreement is expected to be ratified by the Azerbaijani parliament before the summer recess.

 

Outlook

Looking ahead, we expect second-quarter reported production to be lower than the first quarter reflecting the expiration of the Abu Dhabi offshore concession and seasonal turnaround and maintenance activities.

 

 

 

The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.

 

 

Top of page 7

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Upstream (continued)

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

US

 

526

629

166

Non-US

 

2,631

1,594

1,204

 

 

3,157

2,223

1,370

Non-operating items

 

 

 

 

US(a)

 

(145)

(187)

(12)

Non-US(b)

 

41

43

(348)

 

 

(104)

(144)

(360)

Fair value accounting effects

 

 

 

 

US

 

(9)

8

192

Non-US

 

130

(159)

54

 

 

121

(151)

246

RC profit before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

US

 

372

450

346

Non-US

 

2,802

1,478

910

 

 

3,174

1,928

1,256

Exploration expense

 

 

 

 

US

 

309

27

40

Non-US

 

205

494

372

 

 

514

521

412

Of which: Exploration expenditure written off

 

426

372

261

Production (net of royalties)(c)

 

 

 

 

Liquids* (mb/d)

 

 

 

 

US

 

448

430

448

Europe

 

139

117

115

Rest of World

 

731

796

827

 

 

1,319

1,344

1,389

Natural gas (mmcf/d)

 

 

 

 

US

 

1,790

1,759

1,594

Europe

 

217

186

263

Rest of World

 

5,456

5,231

3,934

 

 

7,463

7,176

5,791

Total hydrocarbons* (mboe/d)

 

 

 

 

US

 

757

734

723

Europe

 

177

150

160

Rest of World

 

1,672

1,698

1,505

 

 

2,605

2,581

2,388

Average realizations*(d)

 

 

 

 

Total liquids(e) ($/bbl)

 

61.40

56.16

49.87

Natural gas ($/mcf)

 

3.78

3.23

3.50

Total hydrocarbons ($/boe)

 

41.39

37.48

37.19

 

(a)

Fourth quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge relating to the US Lower 48 business, partially offset by gains associated with asset divestments.

(b)

Fourth quarter 2017 includes BP's share of an impairment reversal recognized by the Angola LNG equity-accounted entity, partially offset by other items. First quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge arising following the announcement of the agreement to sell the Forties Pipeline System business to INEOS.

(c)

Includes BP's share of production of equity-accounted entities in the Upstream segment.

(d)

Realizations are based on sales by consolidated subsidiaries only - this excludes equity-accounted entities.

(e)

Includes condensate, natural gas liquids and bitumen.

 

Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.

 

 

Top of page 8

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Downstream

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Profit before interest and tax

 

1,782

2,492

1,804

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

(69)

(719)

(98)

RC profit before interest and tax

 

1,713

1,773

1,706

Net (favourable) adverse impact of non-operating items* and fair value

 

 

 

 

  accounting effects*

 

113

(299)

36

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*(a)

 

1,826

1,474

1,742

 

(a)

See page 9 for a reconciliation to segment RC profit before interest and tax by region and by business.

 

Financial results

The replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $1,713 million, compared with $1,706 million for the same period in 2017.

 

The first quarter includes a net non-operating charge of $53 million, compared with a charge of $76 million for the same period in 2017. Fair value accounting effects had an adverse impact of $60 million in the first quarter, compared with a favourable impact of $40 million for the same period in 2017.

 

After adjusting for non-operating items and fair value accounting effects, the underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $1,826 million, compared with $1,742 million for the same period in 2017.

 

Replacement cost profit before interest and tax for the fuels, lubricants and petrochemicals businesses is set out on page 9.

 

Fuels

The fuels business reported an underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax of $1,398 million for the first quarter, compared with $1,200 million for the same period in 2017 driven by a higher refining result, partly offset by a lower supply and trading contribution compared with the strong delivery last year. The supply and trading contribution was, however, higher than the fourth quarter.

 

The refining result for the quarter reflects the benefit from higher North American heavy crude oil discounts, partially offset by pipeline capacity apportionment impacts. The result also benefited from increased commercial optimization, a higher level of advantaged feedstock processed in the US and a lower level of turnaround activity.

 

The fuels marketing result for the quarter reflects continued strong performance supported by premium fuel volume growth and the continued rollout of our convenience partnership model across our network.

 

In April, we signed a memorandum of understanding with state-owned Brazilian oil company Petrobras to explore potential joint commercial agreements in Brazil. 

 

Lubricants

The lubricants business reported an underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax of $331 million for the first quarter, compared with $393 million for the same period in 2017. The result for the quarter reflects continued premium brand growth, more than offset by the adverse lag impact of increasing base oil prices.

 

During the quarter we significantly strengthened our relationship with Renault through the continuation of our Renault Formula 1 sponsorship with Renault Sport Racing, and we are exploring new opportunities to work globally with the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance. This includes collaborating in a number of areas including fuel and lubricants supply and the joint development of advanced mobility solutions and new technologies.

 

Petrochemicals

The petrochemicals business reported an underlying replacement cost profit before interest and tax of $97 million for the first quarter, compared with $149 million for the same period in 2017. The result for the quarter reflects an improved margin environment and stronger margin optimization offset by a higher level of turnaround activity. The result was also impacted by the divestment of our interest in the SECCO joint venture, which completed in the fourth quarter of last year.

 

Outlook

Looking to the second quarter, we expect seasonally higher industry refining margins but lower discounts for North American heavy crude oil. We also expect a significantly higher level of turnaround activity.

 

 

The commentary above contains forward-looking statements and should be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement on page 34.

 

 

Top of page 9

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Downstream (continued)

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax - by region

 

 

 

 

US

 

589

501

554

Non-US

 

1,237

973

1,188

 

 

1,826

1,474

1,742

Non-operating items

 

 

 

 

US

 

(17)

(25)

(12)

Non-US(a)

 

(36)

407

(64)

 

 

(53)

382

(76)

Fair value accounting effects

 

 

 

 

US

 

(121)

3

(62)

Non-US

 

61

(86)

102

 

 

(60)

(83)

40

RC profit before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

US

 

451

479

480

Non-US

 

1,262

1,294

1,226

 

 

1,713

1,773

1,706

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax - by business(b)(c)

 

 

 

 

Fuels

 

1,398

976

1,200

Lubricants

 

331

375

393

Petrochemicals

 

97

123

149

 

 

1,826

1,474

1,742

Non-operating items and fair value accounting effects(d)

 

 

 

 

Fuels

 

(110)

(202)

4

Lubricants

 

(3)

(14)

(3)

Petrochemicals(a)

 

-

515

(37)

 

 

(113)

299

(36)

RC profit before interest and tax(b)(c)

 

 

 

 

Fuels

 

1,288

774

1,204

Lubricants

 

328

361

390

Petrochemicals

 

97

638

112

 

 

1,713

1,773

1,706

 

 

 

 

 

BP average refining marker margin (RMM)* ($/bbl)

 

11.7

14.4

11.7

Refinery throughputs (mb/d)

 

 

 

 

US

 

715

714

694

Europe

 

797

741

801

Rest of World

 

249

243

181

 

 

1,761

1,698

1,676

Refining availability* (%)

 

94.8

96.1

95.2

Marketing sales of refined products (mb/d)

 

 

 

 

US

 

1,096

1,127

1,116

Europe

 

1,045

1,132

1,069

Rest of World

 

481

542

512

 

 

2,622

2,801

2,697

Trading/supply sales of refined products

 

3,181

3,549

2,959

Total sales volumes of refined products

 

5,803

6,350

5,656

Petrochemicals production (kte)

 

 

 

 

US

 

499

641

498

Europe

 

1,128

1,559

1,253

Rest of World

 

1,391

1,306

2,073

 

 

3,018

3,506

3,824

 

(a)

Fourth quarter 2017 gain primarily reflects the disposal of our shareholding in the SECCO joint venture.

(b)

Segment-level overhead expenses are included in the fuels business result.

(c)

Results from petrochemicals at our Gelsenkirchen and Mülheim sites in Germany is reported in the fuels business.

(d)

For Downstream, fair value accounting effects arise solely in the fuels business.

 

 

Top of page 10

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Rosneft

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018(a)

2017

2017

Profit before interest and tax(b)

 

269

418

73

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

(22)

(97)

26

RC profit before interest and tax

 

247

321

99

Net charge (credit) for non-operating items*

 

-

-

-

Underlying RC profit before interest and tax*

 

247

321

99

 

Financial results

Replacement cost (RC) profit before interest and tax and underlying RC profit before interest and tax for the first quarter was $247 million, compared with $99 million for the same period in 2017. There were no non-operating items in the first quarter of either year.

 

Compared with the same period in 2017, the result primarily reflects higher oil prices and a favourable foreign exchange impact. The fourth-quarter 2017 result benefited from a $163-million gain representing the BP share of a voluntary out-of-court settlement between Sistema, Sistema-Invest and the Rosneft subsidiary, Bashneft.

 

On 25 April 2018, Rosneft announced that the board of directors had recommended that the annual general meeting (AGM) adopts a resolution to pay dividends of 6.65 roubles per ordinary share, which would bring the total dividend for 2017 to 10.48 roubles per ordinary share, which constitutes 50% of the company's IFRS net profit. In addition to the dividend received in October 2017 in relation to the results for the first half of 2017, BP expects to receive later this year a dividend of 12.5 billion roubles, after the deduction of withholding tax subject to approval at the AGM.

 

 

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

 

2018(a)

2017

2017

Production (net of royalties) (BP share)

 

 

 

 

Liquids* (mb/d)

 

902

899

912

Natural gas (mmcf/d)

 

1,307

1,333

1,334

Total hydrocarbons* (mboe/d)

 

1,127

1,129

1,142

 

(a)

The operational and financial information of the Rosneft segment for the first quarter is based on preliminary operational and financial results of Rosneft for the three months ended 31 March 2018. Actual results may differ from these amounts.

(b)

The Rosneft segment result includes equity-accounted earnings arising from BP's 19.75% shareholding in Rosneft as adjusted for the accounting required under IFRS relating to BP's purchase of its interest in Rosneft and the amortization of the deferred gain relating to the divestment of BP's interest in TNK-BP. These adjustments increase the reported profit before interest and tax, as shown in the table above, compared with the equivalent amount in Russian roubles in Rosneft's IFRS financial statements. BP's share of Rosneft's profit before interest and tax for each year-to-date period is calculated by translating the amounts reported in Russian roubles into US dollars using the average exchange rate for the year to date. BP's share of Rosneft's earnings after finance costs, taxation and non-controlling interests, as adjusted, is included in the BP group income statement within profit before interest and taxation.

 

 

Top of page 11

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Other businesses and corporate

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

Gulf of Mexico oil spill

 

(86)

(2,221)

(35)

Other

 

(485)

(612)

(396)

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(571)

(2,833)

(431)

Inventory holding (gains) losses*

 

-

-

-

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

(571)

(2,833)

(431)

Net charge (credit) for non-operating items*

 

 

 

 

Gulf of Mexico oil spill

 

86

2,221

35

Other

 

93

218

(44)

Net charge (credit) for non-operating items

 

179

2,439

(9)

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*

 

(392)

(394)

(440)

Underlying RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

US

 

(147)

(29)

(197)

Non-US

 

(245)

(365)

(243)

 

 

(392)

(394)

(440)

Non-operating items

 

 

 

 

US

 

(148)

(2,381)

(38)

Non-US

 

(31)

(58)

47

 

 

(179)

(2,439)

9

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

US

 

(295)

(2,410)

(235)

Non-US

 

(276)

(423)

(196)

 

 

(571)

(2,833)

(431)

 

Other businesses and corporate comprises our alternative energy business, shipping, treasury, corporate activities including centralized functions, and the costs of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.

 

Financial results

The replacement cost loss before interest and tax for the first quarter was $571 million, compared with $431 million for the same period in 2017.

 

The result included a net non-operating charge of $179 million, compared with a net non-operating gain of $9 million for the same period in 2017. See Note 2 on page 18 for more information on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.

 

After adjusting for non-operating items, the underlying replacement cost loss before interest and tax for the first quarter was $392 million, compared with $440 million for the same period in 2017.

 

Alternative Energy

The net ethanol-equivalent production (which includes ethanol and sugar) for the first quarter was 7.6 million litres, as the harvest period started earlier in 2018. There was no production for the first quarter in 2017 due to the inter-harvest period.

 

Net wind generation capacity*(a) was 1,432MW at 31 March 2018 compared with 1,454MW at 31 March 2017. BP's net share of wind generation for the first quarter was 1,217GWh, compared with 1,159GWh for the same period in 2017.

 

BP has re-entered solar with a new partnership with Lightsource to combine our scale, relationships and expertise in major projects with Lightsource's expertise in developing solar projects. BP acquired a 43% equity share in Lightsource for a total consideration of $200 million, payable over three years on 31 January 2018 and has two seats on the board. Lightsource has rebranded as Lightsource BP.

 

(a)

Capacity figures for 2017 include 23MW in the Netherlands managed by our Downstream segment.

 

 

Top of page 12

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Financial statements

Group income statement

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and other operating revenues (Note 4)

 

68,172

67,816

55,863

Earnings from joint ventures - after interest and tax

 

293

581

205

Earnings from associates - after interest and tax

 

414

526

151

Interest and other income

 

159

223

122

Gains on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

105

876

45

Total revenues and other income

 

69,143

70,022

56,386

Purchases

 

51,512

51,745

40,975

Production and manufacturing expenses(a)

 

5,438

7,759

5,255

Production and similar taxes (Note 6)

 

368

511

468

Depreciation, depletion and amortization (Note 5)

 

3,931

4,045

3,842

Impairment and losses on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

91

604

453

Exploration expense

 

514

521

412

Distribution and administration expenses

 

2,794

2,981

2,353

Profit (loss) before interest and taxation

 

4,495

1,856

2,628

Finance costs(a)

 

553

616

460

Net finance expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

31

58

53

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

3,911

1,182

2,115

Taxation(a)

 

1,380

1,119

623

Profit (loss) for the period

 

2,531

63

1,492

Attributable to

 

 

 

 

  BP shareholders

 

2,469

27

1,449

  Non-controlling interests

 

62

36

43

 

 

2,531

63

1,492

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share (Note 7)

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) for the period attributable to

 

 

 

 

  BP shareholders

 

 

 

 

  Per ordinary share (cents)

 

 

 

 

    Basic

 

12.40

0.14

7.42

    Diluted

 

12.33

0.14

7.38

  Per ADS (dollars)

 

 

 

 

    Basic

 

0.74

0.01

0.45

    Diluted

 

0.74

0.01

0.44

 

(a)

See Note 2 for information on the impact of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill on these income statement line items.

 

 

Top of page 13

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Condensed group statement of comprehensive income

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) for the period

 

2,531

63

1,492

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss

 

 

 

 

  Currency translation differences

 

531

264

1,214

  Exchange (gains) losses on translation of foreign operations reclassified

 

 

 

 

    to gain or loss on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

-

(138)

1

  Available-for-sale investments

 

-

11

2

  Cash flow hedges and costs of hedging

 

(82)

50

129

  Share of items relating to equity-accounted entities, net of tax

 

155

133

231

  Income tax relating to items that may be reclassified

 

(90)

(16)

(125)

 

 

514

304

1,452

Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss

 

 

 

 

  Remeasurements of the net pension and other post-retirement

 

 

 

 

    benefit liability or asset

 

865

1,599

727

  Cash flow hedges that will subsequently be transferred to the balance sheet

 

13

-

-

  Income tax relating to items that will not be reclassified

 

(265)

(604)

(246)

 

 

613

995

481

Other comprehensive income

 

1,127

1,299

1,933

Total comprehensive income

 

3,658

1,362

3,425

Attributable to

 

 

 

 

  BP shareholders

 

3,580

1,312

3,363

  Non-controlling interests

 

78

50

62

 

 

3,658

1,362

3,425

 

 

Top of page 14

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Group statement of changes in equity

 

 

BP

 

 

 

 

shareholders'

Non-controlling

Total

$ million

 

equity

interests

equity

At 31 December 2017

 

98,491

1,913

100,404

Adjustment on adoption of IFRS 9, net of tax(a)

 

(180)

-

(180)

At 1 January 2018

 

98,311

1,913

100,224

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

3,580

78

3,658

Dividends

 

(1,828)

(13)

(1,841)

Cash flow hedges transferred to the balance sheet, net of tax

 

1

-

1

Repurchase of ordinary share capital

 

(120)

-

(120)

Share-based payments, net of tax

 

244

-

244

Transactions involving non-controlling interests, net of tax

 

(1)

-

(1)

At 31 March 2018

 

100,187

1,978

102,165

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BP

 

 

 

 

shareholders'

Non-controlling

Total

$ million

 

equity

interests

equity

 

 

 

 

 

At 1 January 2017

 

95,286

1,557

96,843

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

3,363

62

3,425

Dividends

 

(1,304)

(15)

(1,319)

Share-based payments, net of tax

 

177

-

177

Share of equity-accounted entities' change in equity, net of tax

 

118

-

118

Transactions involving non-controlling interests, net of tax

 

-

38

38

At 31 March 2017

 

97,640

1,642

99,282

 

(a)

See Note 1 for further information.

 

 

Top of page 15

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Group balance sheet

 

 

31 March

31 December

$ million

 

2018

2017

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

129,002

129,471

Goodwill

 

11,710

11,551

Intangible assets

 

18,003

18,355

Investments in joint ventures

 

8,278

7,994

Investments in associates

 

17,652

16,991

Other investments

 

1,298

1,245

Fixed assets

 

185,943

185,607

Loans

 

571

646

Trade and other receivables

 

1,479

1,434

Derivative financial instruments

 

4,626

4,110

Prepayments

 

1,162

1,112

Deferred tax assets

 

4,176

4,469

Defined benefit pension plan surpluses

 

5,134

4,169

 

 

203,091

201,547

Current assets

 

 

 

Loans

 

267

190

Inventories

 

20,802

19,011

Trade and other receivables

 

23,450

24,849

Derivative financial instruments

 

3,191

3,032

Prepayments

 

1,202

1,414

Current tax receivable

 

928

761

Other investments

 

114

125

Cash and cash equivalents

 

22,242

25,586

 

 

72,196

74,968

Total assets

 

275,287

276,515

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

42,995

44,209

Derivative financial instruments

 

2,664

2,808

Accruals

 

3,799

4,960

Finance debt

 

9,028

7,739

Current tax payable

 

2,103

1,686

Provisions

 

3,218

3,324

 

 

63,807

64,726

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Other payables

 

13,961

13,889

Derivative financial instruments

 

3,657

3,761

Accruals

 

592

505

Finance debt

 

53,161

55,491

Deferred tax liabilities

 

8,284

7,982

Provisions

 

20,603

20,620

Defined benefit pension plan and other post-retirement benefit plan deficits

 

9,057

9,137

 

 

109,315

111,385

Total liabilities

 

173,122

176,111

Net assets

 

102,165

100,404

Equity

 

 

 

BP shareholders' equity

 

100,187

98,491

Non-controlling interests

 

1,978

1,913

Total equity

 

102,165

100,404

 

 

Top of page 16

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Condensed group cash flow statement

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

3,911

1,182

2,115

Adjustments to reconcile profit (loss) before taxation to net cash

 

 

 

 

  provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

  Depreciation, depletion and amortization and exploration

 

 

 

 

    expenditure written off

 

4,357

4,417

4,103

  Impairment and (gain) loss on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

(14)

(272)

408

  Earnings from equity-accounted entities, less dividends received

 

(536)

(820)

(220)

  Net charge for interest and other finance expense, less net interest paid

 

80

294

252

  Share-based payments

 

237

166

162

  Net operating charge for pensions and other post-retirement benefits,

 

 

 

 

    less contributions and benefit payments for unfunded plans

 

(202)

(215)

(73)

  Net charge for provisions, less payments

 

144

2,244

(177)

  Movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets

 

 

 

 

    and liabilities

 

(3,398)

(60)

(3,600)

  Income taxes paid

 

(933)

(1,033)

(856)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

3,646

5,903

2,114

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

Expenditure on property, plant and equipment, intangible and other assets

 

(3,586)

(4,422)

(3,823)

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

-

(16)

(42)

Investment in joint ventures

 

(39)

(15)

(20)

Investment in associates

 

(338)

(368)

(183)

Total cash capital expenditure

 

(4,821)

(4,068)

Proceeds from disposal of fixed assets

 

85

2,287

188

Proceeds from disposal of businesses, net of cash disposed

 

82

173

73

Proceeds from loan repayments

 

9

8

14

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(3,787)

(2,353)

(3,793)

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

Net issue (repurchase) of shares

 

(110)

(343)

-

Proceeds from long-term financing

 

122

201

3,713

Repayments of long-term financing

 

(1,157)

(2,657)

(917)

Net increase (decrease) in short-term debt

 

(349)

(297)

315

Increase in non-controlling interests

 

(1)

982

30

Dividends paid

- BP shareholders

 

(1,829)

(1,627)

(1,304)

 

- non-controlling interests

 

(13)

(32)

(15)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(3,337)

(3,773)

1,822

Currency translation differences relating to cash and cash equivalents

 

145

29

167

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(3,333)

(194)

310

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period(a)

 

25,575

25,780

23,484

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

22,242

25,586

23,794

 

(a)

See Note 1 for further information.

 

 

Top of page 17

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Notes

Note 1. Basis of preparation

 

The interim financial information included in this report has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 'Interim Financial Reporting'.

 

The results for the interim periods are unaudited and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary

for a fair presentation of the results for each period. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. This report should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended 31 December 2017 included in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017.

 

BP prepares its consolidated financial statements included within BP Annual Report and Form 20-F on the basis of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), IFRS as adopted by the European Union (EU) and in accordance with the provisions of the UK Companies Act 2006. IFRS as adopted by the EU differs in certain respects from IFRS as issued by the IASB. The differences have no impact on the group's consolidated financial statements for the periods presented.

 

The financial information presented herein has been prepared in accordance with the accounting policies expected to be used in preparing BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2018, which are the same as those used in preparing BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017 with the exception of the implementation of IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' and IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' from 1 January 2018.

 

New International Financial Reporting Standards adopted

 

BP has adopted IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments' and IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' with effect from 1 January 2018. Information on the implementation of new accounting standards is included in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017 - Financial statements - Note 1 Significant accounting policies, judgements, estimates and assumptions - Impact of new International Financial Reporting Standards.

 

IFRS 9 'Financial Instruments'

The overall impact on transition to IFRS 9, including the impact upon the group's share of equity-accounted entities, was a reduction of $180 million in net assets, net of tax. This adjustment mainly relates to an increase in the credit reserve of financial assets in the scope of IFRS 9's impairment requirements. As permitted by IFRS 9 comparatives have not been restated. For certain line items in the balance sheet the closing balance at 31 December 2017 and the opening balance at 1 January 2018 therefore differ (as summarized below). Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of 2018 in the Condensed group cash flow statement and Note 9 (Net debt) are the 1 January 2018 amounts included in the table below.

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustment

 

 

31 December

1 January

on adoption

$ million

 

2017

2018

of IFRS 9

Non-current

 

 

 

 

Investments in equity-accounted entities

 

24,985

24,903

(82)

Loans, trade and other receivables

 

2,080

2,069

(11)

Deferred tax liabilities

 

(7,982)

(7,946)

36

Current

 

 

 

 

Loans, trade and other receivables

 

25,039

24,927

(112)

Cash and cash equivalents

 

25,586

25,575

(11)

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets

 

100,404

100,224

(180)

 

IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers'

BP has elected to apply the 'modified retrospective' approach to transition permitted by IFRS 15 under which comparative financial information is not restated. The standard did not have a material effect on the group's financial statements as at 1 January 2018 and so no transition adjustment has been made.

 

An analysis of revenue from contracts with customers by product is presented in Note 4. Amounts presented for comparative periods in 2017 include revenues determined in accordance with the group's previous accounting policies relating to revenue. The total amounts presented do not, therefore, represent the Revenue from contracts with customers that would have been reported for those periods had IFRS 15 been applied using a fully retrospective approach to transition but the differences are not significant.

 

 

Top of page 18

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Note 2. Gulf of Mexico oil spill

 

(a) Overview

The information presented in this note should be read in conjunction with Note 2 of the financial statements and pages 270 - 272 of Legal proceedings included in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017.

 

The group income statement includes a pre-tax charge for the first quarter of $86 million which includes the latest estimate for claims and associated administration costs, and $120 million for finance costs relating to the unwinding of discounting effects relating to payables. The cumulative pre-tax income statement charge since the incident, in April 2010, amounts to $65,971 million.

 

The amounts set out below reflect the impacts on the financial statements of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill for the periods presented. The income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statement impacts are included within the relevant line items in those statements as set out below.

 

 

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Income statement

 

 

 

 

Production and manufacturing expenses

 

86

2,221

35

Profit (loss) before interest and taxation

 

(86)

(2,221)

(35)

Finance costs

 

120

124

126

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

(206)

(2,345)

(161)

Taxation

 

61

(2,495)

48

Profit (loss) for the period

 

(145)

(4,840)

(113)

 

 

 

 

31 March

31 December

$ million

 

2018

2017

Balance sheet

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

  Trade and other receivables

 

244

252

  Current tax receivable

 

263

-

Current liabilities

 

 

 

  Trade and other payables

 

(894)

(2,089)

  Provisions

 

(1,246)

(1,439)

Net current assets (liabilities)

 

(1,633)

(3,276)

Non-current assets

 

 

 

  Deferred tax assets

 

1,813

2,067

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

  Other payables

 

(12,375)

(12,253)

  Provisions

 

(985)

(1,141)

  Deferred tax liabilities

 

3,780

3,634

Net non-current assets (liabilities)

 

(7,767)

(7,693)

Net assets (liabilities)

 

(9,400)

(10,969)

 

 

Top of page 19

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Note 2. Gulf of Mexico oil spill (continued)

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Cash flow statement - Operating activities

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

(206)

(2,345)

(161)

Adjustments to reconcile profit (loss) before taxation to net cash

 

 

 

 

  provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

Net charge for interest and other finance expense, less net interest paid

 

120

124

126

Net charge for provisions, less payments

 

54

2,181

(5)

Movements in inventories and other current and non-current

 

 

 

 

  assets and liabilities

 

(1,588)

(413)

(2,254)

Pre-tax cash flows

 

(1,620)

(453)

(2,294)

 

Cash outflows in 2017 and 2018 shown above include payments made under the 2012 agreement with the US government to resolve all federal criminal claims arising from the incident. Included in the current quarter cash outflow is $1,209 million relating to the final payment under the 2012 Department of Justice plea agreement. Net cash from operating activities relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, on a post-tax basis, amounted to an outflow of $1,714 million in the first quarter. For the same period in 2017, the amount was an outflow of $2,294 million.

 

(b) Provisions and other payables

 

Provisions

Movements in the remaining provision, which relates to litigation and claims, are shown in the table below.

 

$ million 

 

 

At 1 January 2018

 

2,580

Increase in provision

 

65

Reclassified to other payables

 

(59)

Utilization

 

(355)

At 31 March 2018

 

2,231

 

The provision includes amounts for the future cost of resolving claims by individuals and businesses for damage to real or personal property, lost profits or impairment of earning capacity and loss of subsistence use of natural resources.

 

PSC settlement

The provision reflects the latest estimate for the remaining costs associated with the 2012 Plaintiffs' Steering Committee (PSC) settlement. These costs relate predominantly to business economic loss (BEL) claims and associated administration costs. The amounts ultimately payable may differ from the amount provided and the timing of payments is uncertain.

 

The settlement programme's determination of BEL claims was substantially completed by the end of 2017. Nevertheless, a significant number of BEL claims determined by the settlement programme have been and continue to be appealed by BP and/or the claimants. The amount provided for includes the latest estimate of the amounts that are expected ultimately to be paid to resolve outstanding BEL claims. Claims under appeal will ultimately only be resolved once the full judicial appeals process has been concluded, including appeals to the Federal District Court and Fifth Circuit, as may be the case, or when settlements are reached with individual claimants. Depending upon the ultimate resolution of these claims (including how such resolution may be impacted by the May 2017 Fifth Circuit opinion), the amounts payable may differ from those currently provided.

 

The settlement programme is expected to issue determinations with respect to remaining BEL claims in the first half of 2018. There is uncertainty around how these claims will ultimately be determined, including in relation to the impact of the May 2017 Fifth Circuit opinion on the determination of such claims.

 

Payments to resolve outstanding claims under the PSC settlement are now expected to be made over a number of years. The timing of payments, however, is uncertain, and, in particular, will be impacted by how long it takes to resolve claims that have been appealed and may be appealed in the future.

 

 

Top of page 20

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Note 2. Gulf of Mexico oil spill (continued)

 

Other payables

Other payables include amounts payable under the consent decree and settlement agreement with the United States and the five Gulf coast states for natural resource damages, state claims and Clean Water Act penalties, BP's remaining commitment to fund the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative, and amounts payable for certain economic loss and property damage claims.

 

Further information on provisions, other payables, and contingent liabilities is provided in BP Annual Report and Form

20-F 2017 - Financial statements - Note 2.

 

 

Note 3. Analysis of replacement cost profit (loss) before interest and tax and

reconciliation to profit (loss) before taxation

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Upstream

 

3,174

1,928

1,256

Downstream

 

1,713

1,773

1,706

Rosneft

 

247

321

99

Other businesses and corporate(a)

 

(571)

(2,833)

(431)

 

 

4,563

1,189

2,630

Consolidation adjustment - UPII*

 

(160)

(149)

(68)

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*

 

4,403

1,040

2,562

Inventory holding gains (losses)*

 

 

 

 

  Upstream

 

1

-

(6)

  Downstream

 

69

719

98

  Rosneft (net of tax)

 

22

97

(26)

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

4,495

1,856

2,628

Finance costs

 

553

616

460

Net finance expense relating to pensions and other post-retirement benefits

 

31

58

53

Profit (loss) before taxation

 

3,911

1,182

2,115

 

 

 

 

 

RC profit (loss) before interest and tax*

 

 

 

 

US

 

359

(1,509)

513

Non-US

 

4,044

2,549

2,049

 

 

4,403

1,040

2,562

 

(a)

Includes costs related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. See Note 2 for further information.

 

 

Top of page 21

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Note 4. Sales and other operating revenues

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

By segment

 

 

 

 

Upstream

 

13,870

12,651

11,327

Downstream

 

61,406

62,697

50,080

Other businesses and corporate

 

343

480

285

 

 

75,619

75,828

61,692

 

 

 

 

 

Less: sales and other operating revenues between segments

 

 

 

 

Upstream

 

6,733

6,929

5,777

Downstream

 

482

913

(86)

Other businesses and corporate

 

232

170

138

 

 

7,447

8,012

5,829

 

 

 

 

 

Third party sales and other operating revenues

 

 

 

 

Upstream

 

7,137

5,722

5,550

Downstream

 

60,924

61,784

50,166

Other businesses and corporate

 

111

310

147

Total sales and other operating revenues

 

68,172

67,816

55,863

 

 

 

 

 

By geographical area

 

 

 

 

US

 

23,613

24,127

21,152

Non-US

 

51,240

50,778

40,020

 

 

74,853

74,905

61,172

Less: sales and other operating revenues between areas

 

6,681

7,089

5,309

 

 

68,172

67,816

55,863

 

 

 

 

 

Sales and other operating revenues include the following in relation to

 

 

 

 

revenues from contracts with customers:

 

 

 

 

Crude oil

 

14,917

13,838

10,996

Oil products

 

44,130

45,992

36,601

Natural gas, LNG and NGLs

 

5,159

4,777

3,838

Non-oil products and other revenues from contracts with customers

 

3,495

3,773

2,864

Revenues from contracts with customers(a)

 

67,701

68,380

54,299

 

(a)

See Note 1 for further information.

 

 

Note 5. Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Upstream

 

 

 

 

US

 

1,088

1,107

1,237

Non-US

 

2,272

2,339

2,054

 

 

3,360

3,446

3,291

Downstream

 

 

 

 

US

 

219

218

216

Non-US

 

302

301

279

 

 

521

519

495

Other businesses and corporate

 

 

 

 

US

 

16

16

16

Non-US

 

34

64

40

 

 

50

80

56

Total group

 

3,931

4,045

3,842

 

 

Top of page 22

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Note 6. Production and similar taxes

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

US

 

90

44

36

Non-US

 

278

467

432

 

 

368

511

468

 

 

Note 7. Earnings per share and shares in issue

 

Basic earnings per ordinary share (EpS) amounts are calculated by dividing the profit (loss) for the period attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. During the quarter the company repurchased for cancellation 18 million ordinary shares for a total cost of $120 million, including transaction costs of $1 million, as part of the share buyback programme as announced on 31 October 2017. The number of shares in issue is reduced when shares are repurchased.

 

The calculation of EpS is performed separately for each discrete quarterly period, and for the year-to-date period. As a result, the sum of the discrete quarterly EpS amounts in any particular year-to-date period may not be equal to the EpS amount for the year-to-date period.

 

For the diluted EpS calculation the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the number of shares that are potentially issuable in connection with employee share-based payment plans using the treasury stock method.

 

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Results for the period

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) for the period attributable to BP shareholders

 

2,469

27

1,449

Less: preference dividend

 

-

-

-

Profit (loss) attributable to BP ordinary shareholders

 

2,469

27

1,449

 

 

 

 

 

Number of shares (thousand)(a)

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding

 

19,918,700

19,804,932

19,518,500

ADS equivalent

 

3,319,783

3,300,822

3,253,083

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding used to calculate

 

 

 

 

  diluted earnings per share

 

20,030,656

19,929,655

19,621,566

ADS equivalent

 

3,338,442

3,321,609

3,270,261

 

 

 

 

 

Shares in issue at period-end

 

19,943,591

19,817,325

19,664,528

ADS equivalent

 

3,323,931

3,302,887

3,277,421

 

(a)

Excludes treasury shares and includes certain shares that will be issued in the future under employee share-based payment plans.

 

 

Top of page 23

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Note 8. Dividends

 

Dividends payable

BP today announced an interim dividend of 10.00 cents per ordinary share which is expected to be paid on 22 June 2018 to shareholders and American Depositary Share (ADS) holders on the register on 11 May 2018. The corresponding amount in sterling is due to be announced on 11 June 2018, calculated based on the average of the market exchange rates for the four dealing days commencing on 5 June 2018. Holders of ADSs are expected to receive $0.600 per ADS (less applicable fees). A scrip dividend alternative is available, allowing shareholders to elect to receive their dividend in the form of new ordinary shares and ADS holders in the form of new ADSs. Details of the first quarter dividend and timetable are available at bp.com/dividends and details of the scrip dividend programme are available at bp.com/scrip.

 

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

 

2018

2017

2017

Dividends paid per ordinary share

 

 

 

 

  cents

 

10.000

10.000

10.000

  pence

 

7.169

7.443

8.159

Dividends paid per ADS (cents)

 

60.00

60.00

60.00

Scrip dividends

 

 

 

 

Number of shares issued (millions)

 

23.4

53.3

115.1

Value of shares issued ($ million)

 

155

354

642

 

Note 9. Net Debt*

Net debt ratio *

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Gross debt

 

62,189

63,230

61,832

Fair value (asset) liability of hedges related to finance debt(a)

 

46

175

597

 

 

62,235

63,405

62,429

Less: cash and cash equivalents

 

22,242

25,586

23,794

Net debt

 

39,993

37,819

38,635

Equity

 

102,165

100,404

99,282

Net debt ratio

 

28.1%

27.4%

28.0%

 

 

Analysis of changes in net debt

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Opening balance

 

 

 

 

Finance debt

 

63,230

65,784

58,300

Fair value (asset) liability of hedges related to finance debt(a)

 

175

(227)

697

Less: cash and cash equivalents(b)

 

25,575

25,780

23,484

Opening net debt

 

37,830

39,777

35,513

Closing balance

 

 

 

 

Finance debt

 

62,189

63,230

61,832

Fair value (asset) liability of hedges related to finance debt(a)

 

46

175

597

Less: cash and cash equivalents

 

22,242

25,586

23,794

Closing net debt

 

39,993

37,819

38,635

Decrease (increase) in net debt

 

(2,163)

1,958

(3,122)

Movement in cash and cash equivalents (excluding exchange adjustments)

 

(3,478)

(223)

143

Net cash outflow (inflow) from financing(c)

 

1,384

2,511

(3,111)

Other movements

 

(27)

(299)

(66)

Movement in net debt before exchange effects

 

(2,121)

1,989

(3,034)

Exchange adjustments(c)

 

(42)

(31)

(88)

Decrease (increase) in net debt

 

(2,163)

1,958

(3,122)

 

(a)

Derivative financial instruments entered into for the purpose of managing interest rate and foreign currency exchange risk associated with net debt with a fair value liability position of $457 million (fourth quarter 2017 liability of $634 million and first quarter 2017 liability of $1,746 million) are not included in the calculation of net debt shown above as hedge accounting is not applied for these instruments.

(b)

See Note 1 for further information.

(c)

An amendment has been made to reduce the amount presented for net financing cash outflow for the fourth quarter of 2017 by $242 million to eliminate cash flows related to non-hedge accounted derivatives. Exchange adjustments have been amended by the same amount with no overall change in net debt.

 

 

Top of page 24

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Note 10. Statutory accounts

 

The financial information shown in this publication, which was approved by the Board of Directors on 30 April 2018, is unaudited and does not constitute statutory financial statements. Audited financial information will be published in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2018. BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017 has been delivered to the Registrar of Companies in England and Wales. The report of the auditor on those accounts was unqualified and did not contain a statement under section 498(2) or section 498(3) of the UK Companies Act 2006.

 

 

Top of page 25

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Additional information

Capital expenditure*

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Capital expenditure on a cash basis

 

 

 

 

Organic capital expenditure*

 

3,538

4,622

3,538

Inorganic capital expenditure*(a)

 

425

199

530

 

 

3,963

4,821

4,068

 

 

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Organic capital expenditure by segment

 

 

 

 

Upstream

 

 

 

 

US

 

754

726

641

Non-US

 

2,112

2,819

2,339

 

 

2,866

3,545

2,980

Downstream

 

 

 

 

US

 

171

349

152

Non-US

 

447

598

320

 

 

618

947

472

Other businesses and corporate

 

 

 

 

US

 

7

30

21

Non-US

 

47

100

65

 

 

54

130

86

 

 

3,538

4,622

3,538

Organic capital expenditure by geographical area

 

 

 

 

US

 

932

1,105

814

Non-US

 

2,606

3,517

2,724

 

 

3,538

4,622

3,538

 

(a)

First quarter 2018 includes amounts relating to the 25-year extension to our ACG production-sharing agreement in Azerbaijan.

First quarter 2017 includes amounts paid to purchase an interest in the Zohr gas field in Egypt and in exploration blocks in Senegal.

 

 

Top of page 26

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Non-operating items*

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Upstream

 

 

 

 

Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets(a)

 

26

(181)

(382)

Environmental and other provisions

 

-

1

-

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

1

(4)

2

Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives

 

7

2

25

Other(b)

 

(138)

38

(5)

 

 

(104)

(144)

(360)

Downstream

 

 

 

 

Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets(c)

 

(14)

469

(11)

Environmental and other provisions

 

-

(19)

-

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

(36)

(69)

(65)

Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives

 

-

-

-

Other

 

(3)

1

-

 

 

(53)

382

(76)

Rosneft

 

 

 

 

Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

-

-

-

Environmental and other provisions

 

-

-

-

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

-

-

-

Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives

 

-

-

-

Other

 

-

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

Other businesses and corporate

 

 

 

 

Impairment and gain (loss) on sale of businesses and fixed assets

 

2

(16)

(15)

Environmental and other provisions

 

(21)

(153)

-

Restructuring, integration and rationalization costs

 

(15)

(35)

(8)

Fair value gain (loss) on embedded derivatives

 

-

-

-

Gulf of Mexico oil spill(d)

 

(86)

(2,221)

(35)

Other

 

(59)

(14)

67

 

 

(179)

(2,439)

9

Total before interest and taxation

 

(336)

(2,201)

(427)

Finance costs(d)

 

(120)

(124)

(126)

Total before taxation

 

(456)

(2,325)

(553)

Taxation credit (charge) on non-operating items(e)

 

88

669

248

Taxation - impact of US tax reform(f)

 

121

(859)

-

Total after taxation for period

 

(247)

(2,515)

(305)

 

(a)

Fourth quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge relating to the US Lower 48 business, partially offset by gains associated with asset divestments. First quarter 2017 includes an impairment charge arising following the announcement of the agreement to sell the Forties Pipeline System business to INEOS.

(b)

Fourth quarter 2017 includes BP's share of an impairment reversal recognized by the Angola LNG equity-accounted entity, partially offset by other items.

(c)

Fourth quarter 2017 gain primarily reflects the disposal of our shareholding in the SECCO joint venture.

(d)

See Note 2 for further details regarding costs relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.

(e)

Fourth quarter 2017 includes the tax effect of the increase in the provision in the fourth quarter for business economic loss and other claims associated with the Deepwater Horizon Court Supervised Settlement Program (DHCSSP) at the new US tax rate.

(f)

Fourth quarter 2017 includes the impact of US tax reform, which reduced the US federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective from 1 January 2018. The impact disclosed has been calculated as the change in deferred tax balances at 31 December 2017, excluding the increase in the provision in the fourth quarter for business economic loss and other claims associated with the DHCSSP, which arises following the reduction in the tax rate. First quarter 2018 reflects a further impact following a clarification of the tax reform. The impact of the US tax reform has been treated as a non-operating item because it is not considered to be part of underlying business operations, has a material impact upon the reported result and is substantially impacted by Gulf of Mexico oil spill charges, which are also treated as non-operating items. Separate disclosure is considered meaningful and relevant to investors.

 

 

Top of page 27

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Non-GAAP information on fair value accounting effects

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Favourable (adverse) impact relative to management's measure

 

 

 

 

  of performance

 

 

 

 

Upstream

 

121

(151)

246

Downstream

 

(60)

(83)

40

 

 

61

(234)

286

Taxation credit (charge)

 

(11)

59

(79)

 

 

50

(175)

207

 

BP uses derivative instruments to manage the economic exposure relating to inventories above normal operating requirements of crude oil, natural gas and petroleum products. Under IFRS, these inventories are recorded at historical cost. The related derivative instruments, however, are required to be recorded at fair value with gains and losses recognized in the income statement. This is because hedge accounting is either not permitted or not followed, principally due to the impracticality of effectiveness-testing requirements. Therefore, measurement differences in relation to recognition of gains and losses occur. Gains and losses on these inventories are not recognized until the commodity is sold in a subsequent accounting period. Gains and losses on the related derivative commodity contracts are recognized in the income statement, from the time the derivative commodity contract is entered into, on a fair value basis using forward prices consistent with the contract maturity.

 

BP enters into physical commodity contracts to meet certain business requirements, such as the purchase of crude for a refinery or the sale of BP's gas production. Under IFRS these physical contracts are treated as derivatives and are required to be fair valued when they are managed as part of a larger portfolio of similar transactions. Gains and losses arising are recognized in the income statement from the time the derivative commodity contract is entered into.

 

IFRS require that inventory held for trading is recorded at its fair value using period-end spot prices, whereas any related derivative commodity instruments are required to be recorded at values based on forward prices consistent with the contract maturity. Depending on market conditions, these forward prices can be either higher or lower than spot prices, resulting in measurement differences.

 

BP enters into contracts for pipelines and storage capacity, oil and gas processing and liquefied natural gas (LNG) that, under IFRS, are recorded on an accruals basis. These contracts are risk-managed using a variety of derivative instruments that are fair valued under IFRS. This results in measurement differences in relation to recognition of gains and losses.

 

The way that BP manages the economic exposures described above, and measures performance internally, differs from the way these activities are measured under IFRS. BP calculates this difference for consolidated entities by comparing the IFRS result with management's internal measure of performance. Under management's internal measure of performance the inventory and capacity contracts in question are valued based on fair value using relevant forward prices prevailing at the end of the period. The fair values of derivative instruments used to risk manage certain oil, gas and other contracts, are deferred to match with the underlying exposure and the commodity contracts for business requirements are accounted for on an accruals basis. We believe that disclosing management's estimate of this difference provides useful information for investors because it enables investors to see the economic effect of these activities as a whole.

 

In addition, from the first quarter 2018 fair value accounting effects include changes in the fair value of the near-term portions of LNG contracts that fall within BP's risk management framework. LNG contracts are not considered derivatives, because there is insufficient market liquidity, and they are therefore accrual accounted under IFRS. However, oil and natural gas derivative financial instruments (used to risk manage the near-term portions of the LNG contracts) are fair valued under IFRS. The fair value accounting effect reduces timing differences between recognition of the derivative financial instruments used to risk manage the LNG contracts and the recognition of the LNG contracts themselves, which therefore gives a better representation of performance in each period. Comparative information has not been restated on the basis that the effect was not material.

 

 

Top of page 28

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Non-GAAP information on fair value accounting effects (continued)

 

The impacts of fair value accounting effects, relative to management's internal measure of performance, are shown in the table above. A reconciliation to GAAP information is set out below.

 

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

$ million

 

2018

2017

2017

Upstream

 

 

 

 

Replacement cost profit before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

  adjusted for fair value accounting effects

 

3,053

2,079

1,010

Impact of fair value accounting effects

 

121

(151)

246

Replacement cost profit before interest and tax

 

3,174

1,928

1,256

Downstream

 

 

 

 

Replacement cost profit before interest and tax

 

 

 

 

  adjusted for fair value accounting effects

 

1,773

1,856

1,666

Impact of fair value accounting effects

 

(60)

(83)

40

Replacement cost profit before interest and tax

 

1,713

1,773

1,706

Total group

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) before interest and tax adjusted for fair value accounting effects

 

4,434

2,090

2,342

Impact of fair value accounting effects

 

61

(234)

286

Profit (loss) before interest and tax

 

4,495

1,856

2,628

 

 

Readily marketable inventory* (RMI)

 

 

31 March

31 December

$ million

 

2018

2017

RMI at fair value*

 

7,353

5,661

Paid-up RMI*

 

3,623

2,688

 

Readily marketable inventory (RMI) is oil and oil products inventory held and price risk-managed by BP's integrated supply and trading function (IST) which could be sold to generate funds if required. Paid-up RMI is RMI that BP has paid for.

 

We believe that disclosing the amounts of RMI and paid-up RMI is useful to investors as it enables them to better understand and evaluate the group's inventories and liquidity position by enabling them to see the level of discretionary inventory held by IST and to see builds or releases of liquid trading inventory.

 

See the Glossary on page 30 for a more detailed definition of RMI. RMI, RMI at fair value, paid-up RMI and unpaid RMI are non-GAAP measures. A reconciliation of total inventory as reported on the group balance sheet to paid-up RMI is provided below.

 

 

 

31 March

31 December

$ million

 

2018

2017

Reconciliation of total inventory to paid-up RMI

 

 

 

Inventories as reported on the group balance sheet under IFRS

 

20,802

19,011

Less: (a) inventories which are not oil and oil products and (b) oil and oil

 

 

 

  product inventories which are not risk-managed by IST

 

(14,020)

(13,929)

 

 

6,782

5,082

Plus: difference between RMI at fair value and RMI on an IFRS basis

 

571

579

RMI at fair value

 

7,353

5,661

Less: unpaid RMI* at fair value

 

(3,730)

(2,973)

Paid-up RMI

 

3,623

2,688

 

 

Top of page 29

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Realizations* and marker prices

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

 

2018

2017

2017

Average realizations(a)

 

 

 

 

Liquids* ($/bbl)

 

 

 

 

US

 

57.77

51.50

46.34

Europe

 

65.81

57.92

53.28

Rest of World

 

63.30

59.09

51.79

BP Average

 

61.40

56.16

49.87

Natural gas ($/mcf)

 

 

 

 

US

 

2.25

2.28

2.50

Europe

 

7.18

5.56

5.40

Rest of World

 

4.22

3.51

3.85

BP Average

 

3.78

3.23

3.50

Total hydrocarbons* ($/boe)

 

 

 

 

US

 

39.65

35.75

34.29

Europe

 

60.78

52.17

46.69

Rest of World

 

40.54

37.27

37.93

BP Average

 

41.39

37.48

37.19

Average oil marker prices ($/bbl)

 

 

 

 

Brent

 

66.82

61.26

53.69

West Texas Intermediate

 

62.90

55.23

51.70

Western Canadian Select

 

36.84

38.74

38.77

Alaska North Slope

 

67.20

61.31

53.82

Mars

 

62.44

57.70

49.59

Urals (NWE - cif)

 

65.27

60.17

51.88

Average natural gas marker prices

 

 

 

 

Henry Hub gas price(b) ($/mmBtu)

 

3.01

2.93

3.32

UK Gas - National Balancing Point (p/therm)

 

57.97

51.94

48.19

 

(a)

Based on sales of consolidated subsidiaries only - this excludes equity-accounted entities.

(b)

Henry Hub First of Month Index.

 

 

Exchange rates

 

 

First

Fourth

First

 

 

quarter

quarter

quarter

 

 

2018

2017

2017

$/£ average rate for the period

 

1.39

1.33

1.24

$/£ period-end rate

 

1.41

1.34

1.25

 

 

 

 

 

$/€ average rate for the period

 

1.23

1.18

1.07

$/€ period-end rate

 

1.24

1.19

1.07

 

 

 

 

 

Rouble/$ average rate for the period

 

56.88

58.46

58.72

Rouble/$ period-end rate

 

57.72

57.60

56.01

 

 

Top of page 30

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Legal proceedings

For a full discussion of the group's material legal proceedings, see pages 270-273 of BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017.

 

Glossary

Non-GAAP measures are provided for investors because they are closely tracked by management to evaluate BP's operating performance and to make financial, strategic and operating decisions. Non-GAAP measures are sometimes referred to as alternative performance measures.

 

Capital expenditure is total cash capital expenditure as stated in the condensed group cash flow statement.

 

Consolidation adjustment - UPII is unrealized profit in inventory arising on inter-segment transactions.

 

Divestment proceeds are disposal proceeds as per the condensed group cash flow statement.

 

Effective tax rate (ETR) on replacement cost (RC) profit or loss is a non-GAAP measure. The ETR on RC profit or loss is calculated by dividing taxation on a RC basis by RC profit or loss before tax. Information on RC profit or loss is provided below. BP believes it is helpful to disclose the ETR on RC profit or loss because this measure excludes the impact of price changes on the replacement of inventories and allows for more meaningful comparisons between reporting periods. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is the ETR on profit or loss for the period.

 

Fair value accounting effects are non-GAAP adjustments to our IFRS profit (loss). They reflect the difference between the way BP manages the economic exposure and internally measures performance of certain activities and the way those activities are measured under IFRS. Further information on fair value accounting effects is provided on page 27.

 

Gearing - See Net debt and net debt ratio definition.

 

Hydrocarbons - Liquids and natural gas. Natural gas is converted to oil equivalent at 5.8 billion cubic feet = 1 million barrels.

 

Inorganic capital expenditure is a subset of capital expenditure and is a non-GAAP measure. Inorganic capital expenditure comprises consideration in business combinations and certain other significant investments made by the group. It is reported on a cash basis. BP believes that this measure provides useful information as it allows investors to understand how BP's management invests funds in projects which expand the group's activities through acquisition. Further information and a reconciliation to GAAP information is provided on page 25.

 

Inventory holding gains and losses represent the difference between the cost of sales calculated using the replacement cost of inventory and the cost of sales calculated on the first-in first-out (FIFO) method after adjusting for any changes in provisions where the net realizable value of the inventory is lower than its cost. Under the FIFO method, which we use for IFRS reporting, the cost of inventory charged to the income statement is based on its historical cost of purchase or manufacture, rather than its replacement cost. In volatile energy markets, this can have a significant distorting effect on reported income. The amounts disclosed represent the difference between the charge to the income statement for inventory on a FIFO basis (after adjusting for any related movements in net realizable value provisions) and the charge

that would have arisen based on the replacement cost of inventory. For this purpose, the replacement cost of inventory is calculated using data from each operation's production and manufacturing system, either on a monthly basis, or separately for each transaction where the system allows this approach. The amounts disclosed are not separately reflected in the financial statements as a gain or loss. No adjustment is made in respect of the cost of inventories held as part of a trading position and certain other temporary inventory positions. See Replacement cost (RC) profit or loss definition below.

 

Liquids - Liquids for Upstream and Rosneft comprises crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids. For Upstream, liquids also includes bitumen.

 

Major projects have a BP net investment of at least $250 million, or are considered to be of strategic importance to BP or of a high degree of complexity.

 

 

Top of page 31

BP p.l.c. Group results

Fourth quarter and full year 2017

 

 

Glossary (continued)

Net debt and net debt ratio are non-GAAP measures. Net debt is calculated as gross finance debt, as shown in the balance sheet, plus the fair value of associated derivative financial instruments that are used to hedge foreign currency exchange and interest rate risks relating to finance debt, for which hedge accounting is applied, less cash and cash equivalents. The net debt ratio is defined as the ratio of net debt to the total of net debt plus shareholders' equity. All components of equity are included in the denominator of the calculation. BP believes these measures provide useful information to investors. Net debt enables investors to see the economic effect of gross debt, related hedges and cash and cash equivalents in total. The net debt ratio enables investors to see how significant net debt is relative to equity from shareholders. The derivatives are reported on the balance sheet within the headings 'Derivative financial instruments'. The nearest equivalent GAAP measures on an IFRS basis are gross debt and gross debt ratio. A reconciliation of gross debt to net debt is provided on page 23.

 

We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for net debt ratio to gross debt ratio, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately certain adjusting items required to present a meaningful comparable GAAP forward-looking financial measure. These items include fair value asset (liability) of hedges related to finance debt and cash and cash equivalents, that are difficult to predict in advance in order to include in a GAAP estimate.

 

Net wind generation capacity is the sum of the rated capacities of the assets/turbines that have entered into commercial operation, including BP's share of equity-accounted entities.

 

Non-operating items are charges and credits included in the financial statements that BP discloses separately because it considers such disclosures to be meaningful and relevant to investors. They are items that management considers not to be part of underlying business operations and are disclosed in order to enable investors better to understand and evaluate the group's reported financial performance. Non-operating items within equity-accounted earnings are reported net of incremental income tax reported by the equity-accounted entity. An analysis of non-operating items by region is shown on pages 7, 9 and 11, and by segment and type is shown on page 26.

 

Operating cash flow is net cash provided by (used in) operating activities as stated in the condensed group cash flow statement. When used in the context of a segment rather than the group, the terms refer to the segment's share thereof.

 

Operating cash flow excluding Gulf of Mexico oil spill payments is a non-GAAP measure. It is calculated by excluding post-tax operating cash flows relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill as reported in Note 2 from net cash provided by operating activities as reported in the condensed group cash flow statement. BP believes net cash provided by operating activities excluding amounts related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill is a useful measure as it allows for more meaningful comparisons between reporting periods. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is net cash provided by operating activities. Changes in working capital are calculated by excluding amounts relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill from movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities as reported in the condensed group cash flow statement. Change in working capital adjusted for inventory holding gains/losses is calculated by also adjusting for inventory holding gains/losses reported in the period and this therefore represents what would have been reported as movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities, if the starting point in determining net cash provided by operating activities had been replacement cost profit rather than profit for the period. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for this is movements in inventories and other current and non-current assets and liabilities.

 

Organic capital expenditure is a subset of capital expenditure and is a non-GAAP measure. Organic capital expenditure comprises capital expenditure less inorganic capital expenditure. BP believes that this measure provides useful information as it allows investors to understand how BP's management invests funds in developing and maintaining the group's assets. An analysis of organic capital expenditure by segment and region, and a reconciliation to GAAP information is provided on page 25.

 

We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for organic capital expenditure to total cash capital expenditure, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately the adjusting item, inorganic capital expenditure, that is difficult to predict in advance in order to derive the nearest GAAP estimate.

 

 

Top of page 32

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Glossary (continued)

 

Production-sharing agreement (PSA) is an arrangement through which an oil and gas company bears the risks and costs of exploration, development and production. In return, if exploration is successful, the oil company receives entitlement to variable physical volumes of hydrocarbons, representing recovery of the costs incurred and a stipulated share of the production remaining after such cost recovery.

 

Readily marketable inventory (RMI) is inventory held and price risk-managed by our integrated supply and trading function (IST) which could be sold to generate funds if required. It comprises oil and oil products for which liquid markets are available and excludes inventory which is required to meet operational requirements and other inventory which is not price risk-managed. RMI is reported at fair value. Inventory held by the Downstream fuels business for the purpose of sales and marketing, and all inventories relating to the lubricants and petrochemicals businesses, are not included in RMI.

 

Paid-up RMI excludes RMI which has not yet been paid for. For inventory that is held in storage, a first-in first-out (FIFO) approach is used to determine whether inventory has been paid for or not. Unpaid RMI is RMI which has not yet been paid for by BP. RMI, RMI at fair value, Paid-up RMI and Unpaid RMI are non-GAAP measures. Further information is provided on page 28.

 

Realizations are the result of dividing revenue generated from hydrocarbon sales, excluding revenue generated from purchases made for resale and royalty volumes, by revenue generating hydrocarbon production volumes. Revenue generating hydrocarbon production reflects the BP share of production as adjusted for any production which does not generate revenue. Adjustments may include losses due to shrinkage, amounts consumed during processing, and contractual or regulatory host committed volumes such as royalties.

 

Refining availability represents Solomon Associates' operational availability, which is defined as the percentage of the year that a unit is available for processing after subtracting the annualized time lost due to turnaround activity and all planned mechanical, process and regulatory downtime.

 

The Refining marker margin (RMM) is the average of regional indicator margins weighted for BP's crude refining capacity in each region. Each regional marker margin is based on product yields and a marker crude oil deemed appropriate for the region. The regional indicator margins may not be representative of the margins achieved by BP in any period because of BP's particular refinery configurations and crude and product slate.

 

Replacement cost (RC) profit or loss reflects the replacement cost of inventories sold in the period and is arrived at by excluding inventory holding gains and losses from profit or loss. RC profit or loss is the measure of profit or loss that is required to be disclosed for each operating segment under IFRS. RC profit or loss for the group is not a recognized GAAP measure. BP believes this measure is useful to illustrate to investors the fact that crude oil and product prices can vary significantly from period to period and that the impact on our reported result under IFRS can be significant. Inventory holding gains and losses vary from period to period due to changes in prices as well as changes in underlying inventory levels. In order for investors to understand the operating performance of the group excluding the impact of price changes on the replacement of inventories, and to make comparisons of operating performance between reporting periods, BP's management believes it is helpful to disclose this measure. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is profit or loss attributable to BP shareholders.

 

RC profit or loss per share is a non-GAAP measure. Earnings per share is defined in Note 7. RC profit or loss per share is calculated using the same denominator. The numerator used is RC profit or loss attributable to BP shareholders rather than profit or loss attributable to BP shareholders. BP believes it is helpful to disclose the RC profit or loss per share because this measure excludes the impact of price changes on the replacement of inventories and allows for more meaningful comparisons between reporting periods. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is basic earnings per share based on profit or loss for the period attributable to BP shareholders.

 

Reported recordable injury frequency measures the number of reported work-related employee and contractor incidents that result in a fatality or injury per 200,000 hours worked. This represents reported incidents occurring within BP's operational HSSE reporting boundary. That boundary includes BP's own operated facilities and certain other locations or situations.

 

Tier 1 process safety events are losses of primary containment from a process of greatest consequence - causing harm to a member of the workforce, costly damage to equipment or exceeding defined quantities. This represents reported incidents occurring within BP's operational HSSE reporting boundary. That boundary includes BP's own operated facilities and certain other locations or situations.

 

 

Top of page 33

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Glossary (continued)

Underlying effective tax rate (ETR) is a non-GAAP measure. The underlying ETR is calculated by dividing taxation on an underlying replacement cost (RC) basis by underlying RC profit or loss before tax. Taxation on an underlying RC basis is taxation on a RC basis for the period adjusted for taxation on non-operating items and fair value accounting effects. Information on underlying RC profit or loss is provided below. BP believes it is helpful to disclose the underlying ETR because this measure may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same manner as management, the underlying trends in BP's operational performance on a comparable basis, period on period. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is the ETR on profit or loss for the period. 

 

We are unable to present reconciliations of forward-looking information for underlying ETR to ETR on profit or loss for the period, because without unreasonable efforts, we are unable to forecast accurately certain adjusting items required to present a meaningful comparable GAAP forward-looking financial measure. These items include the taxation on inventory holding gains and losses, non-operating items and fair value accounting effects, that are difficult to predict in advance in order to include in a GAAP estimate.

 

Underlying production is production after adjusting for divestments and entitlement impacts in our production-sharing agreements. 2017 underlying production does not include the Abu Dhabi onshore concession renewal.

 

Underlying RC profit or loss is RC profit or loss after adjusting for non-operating items and fair value accounting effects. Underlying RC profit or loss and adjustments for fair value accounting effects are not recognized GAAP measures. See pages 26 and 27 for additional information on the non-operating items and fair value accounting effects that are used to arrive at underlying RC profit or loss in order to enable a full understanding of the events and their financial impact. BP believes that underlying RC profit or loss is a useful measure for investors because it is a measure closely tracked by management to evaluate BP's operating performance and to make financial, strategic and operating decisions and because it may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same manner as management, the underlying trends in BP's operational performance on a comparable basis, period on period, by adjusting for the effects of these non-operating items and fair value accounting effects. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for the group is profit or loss attributable to BP shareholders. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis for segments is RC profit or loss before interest and taxation. Underlying profit on page 1 refers to first-quarter underlying RC profit for the group.

 

Underlying RC profit or loss per share is a non-GAAP measure. Earnings per share is defined in Note 7. Underlying RC profit or loss per share is calculated using the same denominator. The numerator used is underlying RC profit or loss attributable to BP shareholders rather than profit or loss attributable to BP shareholders. BP believes it is helpful to disclose the underlying RC profit or loss per share because this measure may help investors to understand and evaluate, in the same manner as management, the underlying trends in BP's operational performance on a comparable basis, period on period. The nearest equivalent measure on an IFRS basis is basic earnings per share based on profit or loss for the period attributable to BP shareholders.

 

Upstream operating efficiency is calculated as production for BP-operated sites, excluding US Lower 48 and adjusted for certain items including entitlement impacts in our production-sharing agreements divided by installed production capacity for BP-operated sites, excluding US Lower 48. Installed production capacity is the agreed rate achievable (measured at the export end of the system) when the installed production system (reservoir, wells, plant and export) is fully optimized and operated at full rate with no planned or unplanned deferrals.

 

Upstream plant reliability (BP-operated) is calculated taking 100% less the ratio of total unplanned plant deferrals divided by installed production capacity. Unplanned plant deferrals are associated with the topside plant and where applicable the subsea equipment (excluding wells and reservoir). Unplanned plant deferrals include breakdowns, which does not include Gulf of Mexico weather related downtime.

 

Upstream unit production cost is calculated as production cost divided by units of production. Production cost does not include ad valorem and severance taxes. Units of production are barrels for liquids and thousands of cubic feet for gas. Amounts disclosed are for BP subsidiaries only and do not include BP's share of equity-accounted entities.

 

Wellwork is activities undertaken on previously completed wells with the primary objective to restore or increase production.

 

 

Top of page 34

BP p.l.c. Group results

First quarter 2018

 

 

Cautionary statement

In order to utilize the 'safe harbor' provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the 'PSLRA'), BP is providing the following cautionary statement: The discussion in this results announcement contains certain forecasts, projections and forward-looking statements - that is, statements related to future, not past events and circumstances - with respect to the financial condition, results of operations and businesses of BP and certain of the plans and objectives of BP with respect to these items. These statements may generally, but not always, be identified by the use of words such as 'will', 'expects', 'is expected to', 'aims', 'should', 'may', 'objective', 'is likely to', 'intends', 'believes', 'anticipates', 'plans', 'we see' or similar expressions. In particular, the following, among other statements, are all forward looking in nature: expectations regarding the expected quarterly dividend payment and timing of such payment; plans and expectations with respect to operational targets, capital discipline and cash flows; plans and expectations with respect to emissions and advancing the energy transition; plans and expectations regarding the start-up of six Upstream major projects in 2018; expectations regarding 2018 organic capital expenditure; plans and expectations with respect to gearing including to target gearing within a 20-30% band and for gearing to trend down; expectations regarding divestment transactions and the amount and timing of divestment proceeds; expectations regarding the underlying effective tax rate in 2018; expectations regarding second-quarter 2018 reported production; expectations regarding Downstream second-quarter 2018 refining margins, turnaround activity and discounts for North American heavy crude oil; expectations regarding the amount of Rosneft dividends payable to BP; plans and expectations regarding a final investment decision on the Tortue/Ahmeyim gas project; plans and expectations regarding the production-sharing agreement with SOCAR; plans and expectations regarding the partnership with the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance; expectations regarding the determination of business economic loss claims in respect of the 2012 PSC settlement; and expectations with respect to the timing and amount of future payments relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill including 2012 PSC settlement payments. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainty because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that will or may occur in the future and are outside the control of BP. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in such statements, depending on a variety of factors, including: the specific factors identified in the discussions accompanying such forward-looking statements; the receipt of relevant third party and/or regulatory approvals; the timing and level of maintenance and/or turnaround activity; the timing and volume of refinery additions and outages; the timing of bringing new fields onstream; the timing, quantum and nature of certain divestments; future levels of industry product supply, demand and pricing, including supply growth in North America; OPEC quota restrictions; PSA effects; operational and safety problems; potential lapses in product quality; economic and financial market conditions generally or in various countries and regions; political stability and economic growth in relevant areas of the world; changes in laws and governmental regulations; regulatory or legal actions including the types of enforcement action pursued and the nature of remedies sought or imposed; the actions of prosecutors, regulatory authorities and courts; delays in the processes for resolving claims; amounts ultimately payable and timing of payments relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill; exchange rate fluctuations; development and use of new technology; recruitment and retention of a skilled workforce; the success or otherwise of partnering; the actions of competitors, trading partners, contractors, subcontractors, creditors, rating agencies and others; our access to future credit resources; business disruption and crisis management; the impact on our reputation of ethical misconduct and non-compliance with regulatory obligations; trading losses; major uninsured losses; decisions by Rosneft's management and board of directors; the actions of contractors; natural disasters and adverse weather conditions; changes in public expectations and other changes to business conditions; wars and acts of terrorism; cyber-attacks or sabotage; and other factors discussed elsewhere in this report and under "Risk factors" in BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2017 as filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

 

 

 

 

Contacts

 

London

Houston

 

 

 

Press Office

David Nicholas

Brett Clanton

 

+44 (0)20 7496 4708

+1 281 366 8346

 

 

 

Investor Relations

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bp.com/investors

+44 (0)20 7496 4962

+1 281 892 3421

 

 

BP p.l.c.'s LEI Code 213800LH1BZH3D16G760

 

 


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